عنوان مقاله [English]
Beam-Column connections in reinforced concrete structures especially in moment frames play an important role in seismic behavior of such structures. In seismic resistant frames, the main objective of designing the connection is that as long as the plastic hinge is formed in the frame members, connection nodes stay elastic. At the first section of this paper, concrete beam-column connections, connection forces due to gravity and lateral loading and all types of internal, external and corner connections are introduced. Also, force transmission mechanisms in the beam-column connection in both cases including with transverse reinforcement and without transverse reinforcement (stirrups) and the connections seismic behavior and types of destructions resulted by earthquakes are discussed. Then, the shear strength of the connection is investigated and containment requirements of the beam-column longitudinal reinforcement are expressed. Finally, the concrete beam-column connections design criteria from the perspective of Code ACI 318-2014, Chapter 9 of National Building Code, and Iranian Concrete Code (ABA) are compared with each other. Based on the researches conducted in every field and the previous experiences as well as considering proper safety, the codes have adjusted a series of regulations upon which the reinforced concrete structures must be designed so that the structural engineer will be able to conduct a reliable and proper design based on the general design principles and regulation of a code.